Habitat And Distribution Of Spider Monkeys

Spider monkeys are diurnal and arboreal in habits. Living in permanent social groups, they move through the forest canopy swinging from arms, balancing with their prehensile tail. They have to travel large distances daily in search of food. Let us study the habitat and distribution of Spider monkeys in this article.

The habitation of Spider monkeys primarily consists of the evergreen rainforests, semi deciduous and mangrove forests. They almost never come to the forest floor. They prefer to live mostly in the upper canopy, where they get least disturbed. But limited habitat, hunting pressure, light and other factors may force them to leave for the other forest types too. They are found to be more flexible than their South American primate cousins in adapting to different habitats.

The surroundings of Spider monkeys can be seen coving the Mexico region, where the genus Ateles in the Neotropics are seen to be most common. The Spider monkeys found in southern Mexico are represented by two subspecies: Ateles geoffroyi vellerosus. We can seen them distributed from southern Tamaulipas to the border with Guatemala, and Ateles geoffroyi yucatanensis. They are also found restricted to the Yucatan peninsula.

The geographical distribution of spider monkeys in Mexico is closely linked to the distribution of tropical wet forests. As a result of human activity, there has been a fast disappearance of these ecosystems, which has seen a decline in the population of spider monkeys in southern Mexico.

Other areas of habitat of Spider monkeys extend over much of Central America, encircling Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Belize. The Hooded Spider Monkey, Ateles geoffroyi grisescens, are also found living in the portion of Colombia near the Panama border. The Black-headed Spider Monkey is also found in the western Colombia and northeast Panama.

Today, the habitat and distribution of Spider monkeys covers different types of forests which include rainforests, semi-deciduous forests and mangrove forests